Apple, Google, Microsoft and Mozilla are working together to improve web development standards
Apple, Google, Microsoft and Mozilla are working together to improve the web standards used in browsers and devices. It may sound like a fun superhero episode, but this isn’t the first time the browser giants have pooled resources, they started working together in 2019.
Last year, the 4 browser manufacturers collaborated for the Compat 2021 conference. This time, the alliance is called Interop 2022, derived from the word interoperability.
Why is this important?
When a website tries to block access to a specific browser by saying something like this, that site looks better in Chrome. Or “use a modern browser” and provide links to unused browsers is annoying. You can usually avoid this problem by faking the user agent, either by using a plugin or by changing a preference in the program settings. It’s not very complicated, but think about it.
Ever found a website that isn’t working properly in a browser? It may load slowly, appear broken, or use many resources while rendering the page. But when you try to access the portal from a different browser, it may load perfectly. In these scenarios, the problem is not with the user per se. People jokingly blame web developers for these bugs and say they haven’t coded / tested the site properly, to see if it’s compatible with all modern browsers. Many users claim that YouTube works better in Chromium browsers than in Firefox. Similarly, you may have noticed a difference in performance elsewhere.
What is Interop 2022?
However, the problem is not so simple, there is also the issue of device compatibility and operating system to consider. A website should work properly on all major Windows, Linux, macOS, Android and iOS platforms. Coding a website to support all of these standards takes a lot of effort and time.
This is one of the concerns that the browser alliance seeks to address. The tech giants want to make it easier for developers to set universal web standards, which will allow them to code their applications and websites to work on browsers and platforms.
Interop 2022 provides a benchmark that assesses how Chrome / Edge, Firefox, and Safari have performed in tests covering 15 different areas of web performance, including cascading layers, color spaces and features, containment, element dialog, forms, scrolling, grid, typography and encoding, graphics window. Units and Web Compat.
There is no winner or loser here because it is not a competition, the tests are intended to indicate in which areas one browser should be improved, compared to the others. If you are curious about the numbers, go to the test platform of the web platform on the Interop 2022 website and analyze the results.
ComputerWorld mentions that Apple does not allow iOS apps to use its own browser engine. As a result of this restriction, all browsers in the App Store, including Chrome, Firefox, and Edge, use Safari’s Webkit-based engine. This is one of the concerns that developers have raised. Hopefully this will change in the future.
If you’re interested in technical data, read the blog posts that have been published on the Apple, Google, Mozilla, and Microsoft websites.