Quantum Computers Will Be the Next Game-Changer Technology

Quantum Computers Will Be the Next Game-Changer Technology

  • Technology
  • July 6, 2022
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  • 5 minutes read

Quantum computers: the future is almost here: On Tuesday, a small, relatively unknown federal agency chose the first group of encryption tools that could protect everything from U.S. government communications to private emails to piracy banking systems.

Defend yourself against the supercomputer

In 2016, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) launched a competition for encryption tools that could support the powers of a quantum computer.

NIST chose the following algorithms: CRYSTALS-Kyber for general encryption (secure websites and protection of information exchanged on public networks) and CRYSTALS-Dilithium, FALCON and SPHINCS for digital signatures (how to verify identities in transactions digital).

“Today’s announcement is an important milestone in protecting our sensitive data from potential cyberattacks from quantum computers. Thanks to NIST’s experience and commitment to cutting-edge technology, we can take action. needed to secure electronic information so that U.S. companies can continue to innovate while maintaining the trust and confidence of their customers, ”said U.S. Secretary of Commerce Gina M. Raimondo in a press release.

The era of the first quantum computer is approaching. U.S. officials have put it on for up to four years. In a sense, quantum computing could be as revolutionary as the first firearms in war. When armies began using the first firearms, armor was no longer as efficient as it used to be. It was great for protecting yourself from swords, spears, and arrows, but a bullet could pierce it like a hot knife through butter.

New encryption tools are needed for much more than military purposes. Almost every aspect of normal daily life depends on digital systems. Sending an email or paying your gas bill online is based on safe and reliable software that cannot be easily broken. But a quantum computer would probably be able to crack older security encryption tools.

“NIST is constantly looking to the future to anticipate the needs of U.S. industry and society as a whole, and when built, quantum computers powerful enough to break current encryption will pose a serious threat to our systems. of information, ”the undersecretary said. of Commerce for Standards and Technology and NIST Director Laurie E. Locascio.

Part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is responsible for choosing the encryption tools that will protect American and global networks from cyberattacks.

“Our post-quantum cryptography program has harnessed the most important minds in cryptography, worldwide, to produce this first group of quantum-resistant algorithms that will lead to a standard and significantly increase the security of our digital information,” added the director of NIST.

Quantum technology

Quantum technology uses the fundamental properties of matter to create new information systems and technologies. Quantum computers, for example, can use atoms and photons to speed up certain types of problem solving, which can come into everyday life with improved facial recognition technology.

But quantum technology is involved in more than that and has been used in the development of semiconductors, the global positioning system (GPS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) used for medical purposes.

Crucially, quantum technology can play an important role in digital security and privacy. For example, using quantum technology, the U.S. intelligence community and the Pentagon seek to develop the next generation of encrypted communications that are capable of withstanding attacks from foreign adversaries, primarily China.

As the world becomes more and more digital, anyone who manages to win a career in quantum computing may be in a position to compromise the systems of the rest of others.

New columnist for defense and national security in 1945, Stavros Atlamazoglou is an experienced defense journalist specializing in special operations, a veteran of the Hellenic Army (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a graduate of Johns Hopkins University. His work has been presented in Business Insider, Sandboxxi SOFREP.

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