States have right to access dual-use technology, says Pakistan – Newspaper
UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan has said in a debate on the non-proliferation of the UN this week that states have a “legitimate right” to make use of dual-use technologies and materials, while alienating non-state actors.
India, however, used the open consultations of the UN Security Council on non-proliferation to insist that “new and emerging technologies” increase the risk of inaccessible actors falling into their hands with weapons of destruction. (ADM).
Pakistan argued that “state insecurity” was “the main driver of proliferation” and “should be addressed without reservation”.
“The right of access to technology and participation in decision-making processes on global technology regulation must also be enjoyed by all states in a non-discriminatory manner,” said Pakistani Delegate Gul Qaiser .
“Multilateral export control regimes (CEFRs) must be democratized. The arbitrary list of entities, as well as discrimination, exceptions and exemptions, should be removed. “
Pakistan also stressed the need to prevent non-state actors from accessing sensitive technologies, but said that “the legitimate rights of states to use dual-use technologies and materials for peaceful purposes must also be safeguarded.”
Qaiser warned that access to materials, technology and equipment should not be monopolized by a minority of technology holders.
“Multilateral export control regimes (CEFRs) should also not be used by a few states as instruments of coercion to promote their political and strategic interests,” he added.
On 28 April 2004, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1540, which states that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their vehicles “constitutes a threat to peace and international security “. The resolution obliges states to refrain from developing, acquiring, manufacturing, possessing, transporting, or using nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and their vehicles.
The Indian representative A Amarnath stated that “access to these weapons of mass destruction by terrorists and other non-state actors adds a serious dimension to the threats posed by these weapons.”
In an indirect reference to Taliban-controlled Afghanistan, the Indian delegate said, “A terrorist group with considerable territory under its control can develop and deploy these deadly weapons in a short period of time.” That is why, he said, it was important to prevent “terrorist groups from acquiring and using weapons of mass destruction.”
Pakistan’s statement in the general debate conveyed its consistent view that international instruments and standards designed to address the threats to international peace and security posed by weapons of mass destruction must be developed through inclusive and multilateral negotiations.
Pakistan informed the Committee that, as the responsible state of nuclear weapons and a member of the Security Council, it has successfully implemented its obligations under resolution 1540 to strengthen the global framework for non-proliferation of weapons. and nuclear, biological, and radiological materials — state actors.
Published in Dawn, June 3, 2022